Home
background
  • Key data; description
  • History
  • hydrogen around us
  • Uses
  • Geology
  • Biology
  • hydrogen compounds
  • Reactions of hydrogen
  • Compounds
  • Bond enthalpies
  • Radii in compounds
  • Lattice energies
  • Reduction potentials
  • nuclear properties
  • NMR
  • Naturally occurring isotopes
  • Radioisotopes
  • electronic properties
  • Electronic configuration
  • Ionization energies
  • Electron affinities
  • Electronegativities
  • Effective nuclear charges
  • Electron binding energies
  • Atom radii
  • Valence shell radii
  • physical properties
  • Bulk properties (density, resistivity, etc.)
  • Thermal properties (melting point, etc.)
  • Thermodynamic properties
  • crystallography
  • Crystal structure
  • Elements

    ARSENIC
    33
    As
    74.92160 (2)


    Name: arsenicGroup number: 15
    Symbol: AsGroup name: Pnictogen
    Atomic number: 33Period number: 4
    Atomic weight: 74.92160 (2)Block: p-block
    CAS Registry ID: 7440-38-2Voice:
    Standard state: solid at 298 KColour: metallic grey
    Classification: Semi-metallicAvailability:

    arsenic
    This sample is from The Elements Collection, an attractive and safely packaged collection of the 92 naturally occurring elements that is available for sale.

    Elemental arsenic occurs in two solid modifications: yellow, and grey or metallic, with specific gravities of 1.97, and 5.73, respectively. The element is a steel grey, very brittle, crystalline, semimetallic (metalloid) solid. It tarnishes in air, and when heated rapidly oxidises to arsenous oxide which has a garlic odour.

    Arsenic and its compounds are poisonous as any reader of "who-done-it" books knows. Upon heating arsenic and some minerals containing arsenic, it sublimes (transfers from the solid to the gaseous state, without passing through the liquid state).

    Isolation

    Here is a brief summary of the isolation of arsenic.

    It is not usually necessary to make arsenic in the laboratory as it is commercially available. Arsenic is found in nature in a number of minerals including realgar (As4S4), orpiment (As2S3), arsenolite (As2O3), and iron minerals such as arsenopyrite (FeAsS) and loellingite (FeAs2). Arsenic is made on an industrial scale by heating appropriate minerals in the absence of air. The arsenic is condensed out as a solid.

    FeAsS (700°C) FeS + As(g) As(s)

    Fluorides
  • AsF3
  • AsF5
  • Chlorides
  • AsCl3
  • AsCl5
  • Bromides
  • AsBr3
  • Iodides
  • AsI3
  • [AsI2]2
  • Hydrides
  • AsH3
  • As2H4
  • Oxides
  • As2O3
  • As2O5
  • Sulfides
  • As2S3
  • As2S5
  • As4S4
  • Selenides
  • As2Se3
  • Tellurides
  • As2Te3
  • Nitrides
    none listed






    Our data and resources are taken from Web Elements