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  • Elements

    10.811 (7)

    Chemical reactions of the elements

    Reaction of boron with air

    The behaviour of boron to air depends upon the crystallinity of the sample, temperature, particle size, and purity. By and large, boron does not react with air at room temperature. At higher temperatures, boron does burn to form boron (III) oxide, B2O3.

    4B + 3O2(g) 2B2O3(s)

    Reaction of boron with water

    Boron does not react with water under normal conditions.

    Reaction of boron with the halogens

    Boron reacts vigorously with the halogens fluorine, F2, chlorine, Cl2, bromine, Br2 to to form the trihalides boron(III) fluoride, BF3, boron(III) chloride, BCl3, and boron(III) bromide, BBr3 respectively.

    2B(s) + 3F2(g) 2BF3(g)

    2B(s) + 3Cl2(g) 2BCl3(l)

    2B(s) + 3Br2(g) 2BF3(l)

    Reaction of boron with acids

    Crystalline boron does not react with boiling hydrochloric acid, HCl, or boiling hydrofluoric acid, HF. Powdered boron oxidizes slowly when treated with concentrated nitric acid, HNO3.

    Reaction of boron with bases

  • BF3
  • B2F4
  • Chlorides
  • BCl3
  • B2Cl4
  • Bromides
  • BBr3
  • Iodides
  • BI3
  • Hydrides
  • B2H6
  • B4H10
  • B5H9
  • B5H11
  • B6H10
  • B10H14
  • Oxides
  • B2O3
  • Sulfides
  • B2S3
  • Selenides
    none listed
    none listed
  • BN

  • Our data and resources are taken from Web Elements